1 Identification of substance:

·         Product details:


·         Product name: Ammonium chloride


·         Stock number: 11156


·         Manufacturer/Supplier:
Nile Chemicals


·         Information Department: Health, Safety and Environmental Department

·         Emergency information:
During normal hours the Health, Safety and Environmental Department. After normal hours call Chemtrec at (800) 424-9300.

2 Composition/Data on components:

·         Chemical characterization:
Description: (CAS#)
ammonium chloride (CAS# 12125-02-9); 100%

·         Identification number(s):

·         EINECS Number: 235-186-4

·         EU Number: 017-014-00-8

3 Hazards identification

·         Hazard description: Xn Harmful

·         Information pertaining to particular dangers for man and environment
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
R 36 Irritating to eyes.

·         Classification system

·         HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)

(Hazardous Materials Identification System)

Health (acute effects) = 1
Flammability = 0
Reactivity = 1

4 First aid measures

·         After inhalation
Supply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.

·         After skin contact
Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.

·         After eye contact
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.

·         After swallowing Seek immediate medical advice.

5 Fire fighting measures

·         Suitable extinguishing agents
Product is not flammable. Use fire fighting measures that suit the surrounding fire.

·         Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.

6 Accidental release measures

·         Person-related safety precautions:
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation

·         Measures for environmental protection:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.

·         Measures for cleaning/collecting:
Dispose contaminated material as waste according to item 13.

·         Additional information:
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.

7 Handling and storage


·         Handling

·         Information for safe handling:
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.
Prevent formation of dust.

·         Information about protection against explosions and fires:
No special measures required.


·         Storage

·         Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
No special requirements.

·         Information about storage in one common storage facility:
Store away from water/moisture.
Store away from oxidizing agents.

·         Further information about storage conditions:
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.

8 Exposure controls and personal protection

·         Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.

Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:

Ammonium chloride
ACGIH TLV 10; 20-STEL (fume)
Belgium TWA 10; 20-STEL (fume)
France VME 10 (fume)
Korea TLV 10; 20-STEL (fume)
Netherlands MAC-TGG 10 (fume)
Poland TWA 10; 20-STEL (vapors and fumes)
Russia 10-STEL (fume)
Switzerland MAK-W 6 (fume)

·         Additional information: No data


·         Personal protective equipment

·         General protective and hygienic measures
The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Avoid contact with the eyes.
Avoid contact with the eyes and skin.

·         Breathing equipment:
Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.

·         Protection of hands: Impervious gloves

·         Eye protection: Safety glasses

·         Body protection: Protective work clothing.

9 Physical and chemical properties:

·         General Information


·         Form: Crystalline

·         Color: White

·         Odor: Odorless

·         Value/Range Unit Method

·         Change in condition

·         Melting point/Melting range: 340 subl. ° C

·         Boiling point/Boiling range: 520 ° C

·         Sublimation temperature / start: Not determined


·         Flash point: Not applicable


·         Ignition temperature: Not determined


·         Decomposition temperature: Not determined


·         Danger of explosion:
Product does not present an explosion hazard.


·         Explosion limits:

·         Lower: Not determined

·         Upper: Not determined


·         Vapor pressure: at 160 ° C 1.33 hPa


·         Density: at 20 ° C 1.52 g/cm³


·         Solubility in / Miscibility with

·         Water: at 25 ° C 297 g/l

10 Stability and reactivity

·         Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.

·         Materials to be avoided:
Oxidizing agents

·         Dangerous reactions
Can react violently with oxygen rich (oxidizing) material. Danger of Explosion.
Silver may react with acetylene or ammonia to form shock sensitive compounds.

·         Dangerous products of decomposition:
Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

11 Toxicological information

·         Acute toxicity:
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification:
Oral: LD50: 1300 mg/kg (mus)
LD50: 1650 mg/kg (rat)

·         Primary irritant effect:

·         on the skin: Irritant to skin and mucous membranes.

·         on the eye: Irritating effect.

·         Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.

·         Subacute to chronic toxicity:
Ammonium chloride is severly irritating to the eyes. It irritates the skin, digestive and upper respiratory tracts on contact. Reportedly high concentrations may cause convulsions or tremors.

·         Additional toxicological information:
To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.
No classification data on carcinogenic properties of this material is available from the EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.

12 Ecological information:

·         General notes:
Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.

13 Disposal considerations


·         Product:

·         Recommendation
Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.


·         Uncleaned packagings:

·         Recommendation:
Disposal must be made according to official regulations.

·         Recommended cleansing agent: Water, if necessary with cleansing agents.

14 Transport information

Not a hazardous material for transportation.


·         DOT regulations:

·         Hazard class: None


·         Land transport ADR/RID (cross-border)

·         ADR/RID class: None


·         Maritime transport IMDG:

·         IMDG Class: None


·         Air transport ICAO-TI and IATA-DGR:

·         ICAO/IATA Class: None


·         Transport/Additional information:
Not dangerous according to the above specifications.

15 Regulations


·         Product related hazard informations:


·         Hazard symbols: Xn Harmful


·         Risk phrases:
22 Harmful if swallowed.
36 Irritating to eyes.


·         Safety phrases: 22 Do not breathe dust.


·         National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.


·         Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.

16 Other information:

Employers should use this information only as a supplement to other information gathered by them, and should make independent judgement of suitability of this information to ensure proper use and protect the health and safety of employees. This information is furnished without warranty, and any use of the product not in conformance with this Material Safety Data Sheet, or in combination with any other product or process, is the responsibility of the user.



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