NILE CHEMICALS

BARIUM CHLORIDE DIHYDRATE


1. Product Identification

Synonyms: Barium chloride
CAS No.: 10361-37-2 (Anhydrous) 10326-27-9 (Dihydrate)
Molecular Weight: 244.27
Chemical Formula: BaCl2.2H2O
Product Codes: 21114


2. Composition/Information on Ingredients

   Ingredient                                CAS No                Percent                   Hazardous                                 

  ---------------------------------------   ------------   ------------     
 Barium Chloride      10361-37-2       90 - 100%        Yes                                                                    
 

3. Hazards Identification

Inhalation: Irritates the respiratory tract. May produce sore throat, coughing and labored breathing. Other symptoms may parallel ingestion.
Ingestion: Toxic! May cause severe gastroenteritis, including abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause tremors, faintness, paralysis of arms and legs, and slow or irregular heartbeat. Severe cases may produce collapse and death on respiratory failure. Estimated lethal dose in humans: 1 gram.
Skin Contact:May cause irritation with redness and pain.
Eye Contact: May cause irritation, redness, pain, or blurred vision.
Chronic Exposure: No information found.


4. First Aid Measures

Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Call a physician.
Ingestion: Get medical attention immediately. Induce vomiting immediately as directed by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. After vomiting, a mixture of 1 tablespoon of sodium or magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts) dissolved in 8 oz. of water to drink maybe indicated to precipitate the barium as the nontoxic and insoluble barium sulfate.
Skin Contact: Remove any contaminated clothing. Wash skin with soap and water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical attention if irritation develops or persists.
Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting upper and lower eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention if irritation persists.
Note to Physician: Monitor patients with significant ingestion for respiratory, cardiovascular, and blood pressure status. Watch for cardiac arrhythmias, respiratory failure due to flaccid paralysis of respiratory muscles, pulmonary edema, vocal cord paralysis, severe hypertension, and late effect kidney failure. Acute barium poisoning results in hypokalemia. The administration of fluids containing dilute concentrations of potassium salts may be indicated.


5. Fire Fighting Measures

Fire: Not considered to be a fire hazard.
Explosion: Not considered to be an explosion hazard.
Fire Extinguishing Media: Use any means suitable for extinguishing surrounding fire.
Special Information: In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode.


6. Accidental Release Measures

Ventilate area of leak or spill. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment as specified in Section 8. Spills: Sweep up and containerize for reclamation or disposal. Vacuuming or wet sweeping may be used to avoid dust dispersal.
 


7. Handling and Storage

Keep in a tightly closed container. Protect from physical damage. Store in a cool, dry, ventilated area away from sources of heat, moisture and incompatibilities. Containers of this material may be hazardous when empty since they retain product residues (dust, solids); observe all warnings and precautions listed for the product.


8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Airborne Exposure Limits: For Soluble Barium Compounds:OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):
0.5 mg (Ba)/m3-ACGIH Threshold Limit Value (TLV):0.5 mg (Ba)/m3 A4 - not classifiable as a human carcinogen
Ventilation System: A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures below the Airborne Exposure Limits. Local exhaust ventilation is generally preferred because it can control the emissions of the contaminant at its source, preventing dispersion of it into the general work area. Please refer to the ACGIH document, Industrial Ventilation, A Manual of Recommended Practices, most recent edition, for details.
Personal Respirators (NIOSH Approved): If the exposure limit is exceeded and engineering controls are not feasible, a half facepiece particulate respirator (NIOSH type N95 or better filters) may be worn for up to ten times the exposure limit or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest.. A full-face piece particulate respirator (NIOSH type N100 filters) may be worn up to 50 times the exposure limit, or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency, or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest. If oil particles (e.g. lubricants, cutting fluids, glycerine, etc.) are present, use a NIOSH type R or P filter. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-facepiece positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator. WARNING: Air-purifying respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres.
Skin Protection: Wear impervious protective clothing, including boots, gloves, lab coat, apron or coveralls, as appropriate, to prevent skin contact.
Eye Protection: Use chemical safety goggles. Maintain eye wash fountain and quick-drench facilities in work area.


9. Physical and Chemical Properties

Appearance: White solid.
Odor: Odorless.
Solubility: 31 g/100 g water @ 0C (32F) (Anhydrous)
Specific Gravity: 3.86 @ 24C(75F) (Anhydrous)
pH: No information found.
% Volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F): 0
Boiling Point: 1560C (2840F) (Anhydrous)
Melting Point: 963C (1765F) (Anhydrous)
Vapor Density (Air=1): No information found.
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): No information found.
Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): No information found.


10. Stability and Reactivity

Stability: Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Oxides of the contained metal and halogen, possibly also free, or ionic halogen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Incompatibilities: Bromine trifluoride; 2-furan percarboxylic acid. (Anhydrous)
Conditions to Avoid: Incompatibles.


11. Toxicological Information

Barium chloride: Oral rat LD50: 118 mg/kg (anhydrous).
Investigated as a tumorigen (dihydrate).

  --------\Cancer Lists\------------------------------------------------------
                                         ---NTP Carcinogen---
  Ingredient                             Known    Anticipated    IARC Category
  ------------------------------------   -----    -----------    -------------
  Barium Chloride (10361-37-2)            No          No            None

12. Ecological Information

Environmental Fate: This material is expected to significantly bioaccumulate.
Environmental Toxicity: No information found.


13. Disposal Considerations

Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be handled as hazardous waste and sent to a RCRA approved incinerator or disposed in a RCRA approved waste facility. Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose of container and unused contents in accordance with federal, state and local requirements.


14. Transport Information

Domestic (Land, D.O.T.)
-----------------------
Proper Shipping Name: BARIUM COMPOUND, N.O.S. (BARIUM CHLORIDE)
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN1564
Packing Group: III
Information reported for product/size: 250LB
International (Water, I.M.O.)
-----------------------------
Proper Shipping Name: BARIUM COMPOUND, N.O.S. (BARIUM CHLORIDE)
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN1564
Packing Group: III
Information reported for product/size: 250LB


15. Regulatory Information

  --------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 1\---------------------------------
  Ingredient                                       TSCA  EC   Japan  Australia
  -----------------------------------------------  ----  ---  -----  ---------
  Barium Chloride (10361-37-2)                      Yes  Yes   Yes      Yes                                      
 
  --------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 2\---------------------------------
                                                          --Canada--
  Ingredient                                       Korea  DSL   NDSL  Phil.
  -----------------------------------------------  -----  ---   ----  -----
  Barium Chloride (10361-37-2)                      Yes   Yes   No     Yes         
 
  --------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 1\----------------
                                             -SARA 302-    ------SARA 313------
  Ingredient                                 RQ    TPQ     List  Chemical Catg.
  -----------------------------------------  ---   -----   ----  --------------
  Barium Chloride (10361-37-2)               No    No      No    Barium compo
 
  --------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 2\----------------
                                                        -RCRA-    -TSCA-
  Ingredient                                 CERCLA     261.33     8(d) 
  -----------------------------------------  ------     ------    ------
  Barium Chloride (10361-37-2)               No         No         No       
 

16. Other Information

Disclaimer: NILE CHEMICALS, Inc. provides the information contained herein in good faith but makes no representation as to its comprehensiveness or accuracy. This document is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose. NILE CHEMICALS. MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION SET FORTH HEREIN OR THE PRODUCT TO WHICH THE INFORMATION REFERS. ACCORDINGLY, NILE CHEMICALS WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM USE OF OR RELIANCE UPON THIS INFORMATION.

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