NICKEL CHLORIDE

1. Product Identification

Synonyms: Nickel (II) chloride
CAS No.: 7718-54-9 Anhydrous; (7791-20-0 Hexahydrate)
Molecular Weight: 237.7
Chemical Formula: NiCl2 6H2O
Product Codes: 141133

2. Composition/Information on Ingredients

Ingredient                     CAS No         Percent        Hazardous                                   
Nickel Chloride              7718-54-9        90 - 100%       Yes                                                                    

3. Hazards Identification

Inhalation: Causes irritation to the respiratory tract. Symptoms may include metallic taste in mouth, coughing, sore throat, and shortness of breath. Lung damage may result from a single high exposure or lower repeated exposures. Lung allergy occasionally occurs, with asthma type symptoms.
Ingestion: Toxic. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. Absorption is poor, but should it occur, symptoms may include giddiness, capillary damage, myocardial weakness, central nervous system depression, and kidney and liver damage.
Skin Contact: Causes irritation. May cause skin allergy with itching, redness or rash. Some individuals may become sensitized to the substance and suffer "nickel itch", a form of dermatitis.
Eye Contact: Causes irritation, redness, and pain.
Chronic Exposure: Prolonged or repeated exposure to excessive concentrations may affect lungs, liver and kidneys. Chronic exposure to nickel and nickel compounds is associated with cancer.
Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions: Persons with pre-existing skin disorders, impaired respiratory or pulmonary function, or with a history of asthma, allergies, or sensitization to nickel compounds may be at an increased risk upon exposure to this substance.

4. First Aid Measures

Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.
Ingestion: Induce vomiting immediately as directed by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention.
Skin Contact: Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.
Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting lower and upper eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention immediately.

5. Fire Fighting Measures

Fire: Not considered to be a fire hazard.
Explosion: Not considered to be an explosion hazard.
Fire Extinguishing Media: Use any means suitable for extinguishing surrounding fire.
Special Information: In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode.

6. Accidental Release Measures

Ventilate area of leak or spill. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment as specified in Section 8

7. Handling and Storage

Keep in a tightly closed container, stored in a cool, dry, ventilated area. Protect against physical damage. Isolate from incompatible substances. Solutions are acidic. Areas in which exposure to nickel metal or soluble nickel compounds may occur should be identified by signs or appropriate means, and access to the area should be limited to authorized persons. Wear special protective equipment (Sec. 8) for maintenance break-in or where exposures may exceed established exposure levels. Wash hands, face, forearms and neck when exiting restricted areas. Shower, dispose of outer clothing, change to clean garments at the end of the day. Avoid cross-contamination of street clothes. Wash hands before eating and do not eat, drink, or smoke in workplace. Containers of this material may be hazardous when empty since they retain product residues (dust, solids); observe all warnings and precautions listed for the product.

8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Airborne Exposure Limits: -OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):soluble Nickel compounds as Ni: 1 mg/m3 (TWA)-ACGIH Threshold Limit Value (TLV):soluble Nickel compounds as Ni: 0.1 mg/m3 (TWA), A4 - Not classifiable as a human carcinogen
Ventilation System: A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures below the Airborne Exposure Limits. Local exhaust ventilation is generally preferred because it can control the emissions of the contaminant at its source, preventing dispersion of it into the general work area. Please refer to the ACGIH document, Industrial Ventilation, A Manual of Recommended Practices, most recent edition, for details.
Personal Respirators (NIOSH Approved): If the exposure limit is exceeded and engineering controls are not feasible, a full facepiece particulate respirator (NIOSH type N100 filters) may be worn for up to 50 times the exposure limit or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest. If oil particles (e.g. lubricants, cutting fluids. glycerine, etc.) are present, use a NIOSH type R or P filter. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-facepiece positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator. WARNING: Air-purifying respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres.
Skin Protection: Wear impervious protective clothing, including boots, gloves, lab coat, apron or coveralls, as appropriate, to prevent skin contact.
Eye Protection: Use chemical safety goggles and/or full face shield where dusting or splashing of solutions is possible. Maintain eye wash fountain and quick-drench facilities in work area.
Other Control Measures: Eating, drinking, and smoking should not be permitted in areas where solids or liquids containing soluble nickel compounds are handled, processed, or stored. NIOSH recommends pre-placement and periodic medical exams, with maintaining of records for all employees exposed to nickel in the workplace.

9. Physical and Chemical Properties

Appearance: Yellow or light green deliquescent crystals.
Odor: Odorless.
Solubility: 2.54 kg/L @ 20C
Specific Gravity: 3.55
pH: ca. 4 Aqueous solution
% Volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F): 0
Boiling Point: ca. 973C (ca. 1783F) Sublimes.
Melting Point: ca. 1001C (ca. 1834F)
Vapor Density (Air=1): No information found.
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): 1 @ 671C (1240F)
Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): No information found.

10. Stability and Reactivity

Stability: Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage. Substance will pick up moisture from the air and go into solution if exposed in open containers.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Oxides of the contained metal and halogen, possibly also free, or ionic halogen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Incompatibilities: Violent reaction with potassium.
Conditions to Avoid: Moisture and incompatibles

11. Toxicological Information

   Nickel Chloride: Oral rat LD50: 105 mg/kg. Investigated as a tumorigen, mutagen, reproductive effector.

  --------\Cancer Lists\------------------------------------------------------
                                         ---NTP Carcinogen---
  Ingredient                             Known    Anticipated    IARC Category
  ------------------------------------   -----    -----------    -------------
  Nickel Chloride (7718-54-9)             Yes         No              1

12. Ecological Information

Environmental Fate: No information found.
Environmental Toxicity: This material is expected to be toxic to aquatic life. The LC50/96-hour values for fish are between 10 and 100 mg/l.

13. Disposal Considerations

Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be managed in an appropriate and approved waste disposal facility. Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose of container and unused contents in accordance with federal, state and local requirements.

14. Transport Information

Domestic (Land, D.O.T.)
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN3288
Packing Group: III
Information reported for product/size: 100LB
International (Water, I.M.O.)
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN3288
Packing Group: III
Information reported for product/size: 100LB
International (Air, I.C.A.O.)
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN3288
Packing Group: II
Information reported for product/size: 100LB

15. Regulatory Information

  --------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 1\---------------------------------
  Ingredient                                       TSCA  EC   Japan  Australia
  -----------------------------------------------  ----  ---  -----  ---------
  Nickel Chloride (7718-54-9)                       Yes  Yes   Yes      Yes                                      
  --------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 2\---------------------------------
  Ingredient                                       Korea  DSL   NDSL  Phil.
  -----------------------------------------------  -----  ---   ----  -----
  Nickel Chloride (7718-54-9)                       Yes   Yes   No     Yes        
  --------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 1\----------------
                                             -SARA 302-    ------SARA 313------
  Ingredient                                 RQ    TPQ     List  Chemical Catg.
  -----------------------------------------  ---   -----   ----  --------------
  Nickel Chloride (7718-54-9)                No    No      No    Nickel compo
  --------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 2\----------------
                                                        -RCRA-    -TSCA-
  Ingredient                                 CERCLA     261.33     8(d) 
  -----------------------------------------  ------     ------    ------
  Nickel Chloride (7718-54-9)                100        No         No      
Chemical Weapons Convention:  No     TSCA 12(b):  No     CDTA:  No
SARA 311/312:  Acute: Yes      Chronic: Yes  Fire: No  Pressure: No
Reactivity: No          (Pure / Solid) 

Australian Hazchem Code: None allocated.
Poison Schedule: None allocated.
WHMIS: This MSDS has been prepared according to the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations (CPR) and the MSDS contains all of the information required by the CPR.

16. Other Information

Disclaimer: Nile Chemicals. provides the information contained herein in good faith but makes no representation as to its comprehensiveness or accuracy. This document is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose. NILE CHEMICALS. MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION SET FORTH HEREIN OR THE PRODUCT TO WHICH THE INFORMATION REFERS. ACCORDINGLY, NILE CHEMICLAS. WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM USE OF OR RELIANCE UPON THIS INFORMATION.



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