SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE

·  1 Identification of substance:

  • Product name: Sodium Nitroprusside
  • Stock number: 191166
    Manufacturer/Supplier:NILE CHEMICALS
    Emergency Phone: 91 22 66313162
    Web Site: 

·    2 Composition/Data on components:

  • Chemical characterization: Description: (CAS#)                                        
    Sodium Nitroprusside  (CAS# 13755-38-9); 100%

·    3 Hazards identification

  • Hazard description: T Toxic
  • Information pertaining to particular dangers for man and environment
    R 20/21 Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin.
    R 25    Toxic if swallowed.
  • Classification system HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
      (Hazardous Materials Identification System)
    Health (acute effects) = 3
    Flammability = 0
    Reactivity = 1

·    4 First aid measures

  • General information Immediately remove any clothing soiled by the product. In case of irregular breathing or respiratory arrest provide artificial respiration.
  • After inhalationSupply fresh air. If required, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.Seek immediate medical advice.
  • After skin contact Immediately wash with water and soap and rinse thoroughly. Seek immediate medical advice.
  • After eye contactRinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Then consult a doctor.
  • After swallowing Do not induce vomiting; immediately call for medical help. Seek immediate medical advice.

·    5 Fire fighting measures

  • Suitable extinguishing agents Product is not flammable. Use fire fighting measures that suit the surrounding fire.
  • Special hazards caused by the material, its products of combustion or
      resulting gases:
    In case of fire, the following can be released: Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) Nitrogen oxides (NOx)
  • Protective equipment: Wear self-contained respirator.Wear fully protective impervious suit.

·    6 Accidental release measures

  • Person-related safety precautions:Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.Ensure adequate ventilation
  • Measures for environmental protection:Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
  • Measures for cleaning/collecting: Dispose contaminated material as waste according to item 13. Ensure adequate ventilation.
  • Additional information:
    See Section 7 for information on safe handling
    See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
    See Section 13 for disposal information.

·    7 Handling and storage

  • Handling Information for safe handling:
    Keep container tightly sealed.
    Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
    Ensure good ventilation at the workplace.
  • Information about protection against explosions and fires:
    The product is not flammable
  • Storage Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
    No special requirements.
  • Information about storage in one common storage facility:
    Do not store together with oxidizing and acidic materials.
  • Further information about storage conditions:
    Keep container tightly sealed.
    Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.

·    8 Exposure controls and personal protection

  • Additional information about design of technical systems:
    Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.

    Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:

    Cyanides (as CN)
    Austria MAK           5 (skin)
    Denmark TWA           5 (skin)
    Finland TWA           5; 10-STEL
    France VME            5 (skin)
    Germany MAK           5 (skin)
    Hungary TWA           0.3; 0.6-STEL (skin)
    Netherlands MAC-TGG   5 (skin)
    Poland TWA            0.3; 10-Ceiling
    Sweden                5-Ceiling (skin)
    Switzerland MAK-W     5; 10-STEL (skin)
    United Kingdom        5-LTEL (skin)
    OSHA PEL              5 (skin)

    Iron salts, soluble (as Fe)
    ACGIH TLV             1
    Finland TWA           1
    Korea TLV             1
    Norway TWA            1
    Switzerland MAK-W     1
    United Kingdom LTEL   1; 2-STEL
  • Additional information: No data
  • Personal protective equipment
  • General protective and hygienic measures
    The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
    Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
    Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
    Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
    Avoid contact with the eyes and skin.
  • Breathing equipment:
    Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.
  • Protection of hands: Impervious gloves
  • Eye protection: Safety glasses
  • Body protection: Protective work clothing.

·    9 Physical and chemical properties:

  • General Information
  • Form: Crystalline
  • Color: Dark red
  • Odor: Odorless
  •                                      Value/Range  Unit    Method      
  • Change in condition
  • Melting point/Melting range:       Not determined
  • Boiling point/Boiling range:       Not determined
  • Sublimation temperature / start:   Not determined
  • Flash point:                       Not applicable
  • Ignition temperature:              Not determined
  • Decomposition temperature:         Not determined
  • Danger of explosion:
    Product does not present an explosion hazard.
  • Explosion limits:
  • Lower:                             Not determined
  • Upper:                             Not determined
  • Vapor pressure:                    Not determined
  • Density:               at   20 ° C            1.72 g/cm³
  • Solubility in / Miscibility with
  • Water:                             Soluble

·   10 Stability and reactivity

  • Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
    Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
  • Materials to be avoided:Acids :Oxidizing agents
  • Dangerous reactions No dangerous reactions known
  • Dangerous products of decomposition:Hydrogen cyanide (prussic acid)
    Nitrogen oxides

·   11 Toxicological information

  • Acute toxicity:
    LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification:                   
    Oral: LDLo: 20 mg/kg (rat)
    LDLo: 40 mg/kg (rbt)
  • Primary irritant effect:
  • on the skin: Irritant to skin and mucous membranes.
  • on the eye: Irritating effect.
  • Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.
  • Subacute to chronic toxicity: Cyanides may cause symptoms of salivation, nausea without vomiting, anxiety, confusion, vertigo, giddiness, lower jaw stiffness, convulsions, opisthotonos, paralysis, coma, cardiac arrhythmias and respiratory failure.  They typically cause death through asphyxia. Skin contact may cause itching, macular, papular and vesicular eruptions. Iron compounds may cause vomiting, diarrhea, pink urine, black stool, and liver damage.  May cause damage to the kidneys.  Irritating to the respiratory tract, they may cause pulmonary fibrosis if dusts are inhaled.
  • Additional toxicological information: Danger through skin absorption.
    To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.
    No classification data on carcinogenic properties of this material is available from the EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.

·   12 Ecological information:

  • General notes:Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.

·   13 Disposal considerations

  • Product:Recommendation
    Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
  • Uncleaned packagings: Recommendation: Disposal must be made according to official regulations.
  • Recommended cleansing agent: Water, if necessary with cleansing agents.

·   14 Transport information

Not a hazardous material for transportation.

  • DOT regulations:
  • Hazard class:             6.1
  • Identification number:    UN1588
  • Packing group:            III
  • Proper shipping name (technical name):
                              CYANIDES, INORGANIC, SOLID, N.O.S.
  • Label                     6.1
  • Land transport ADR/RID  (cross-border)
  • ADR/RID class:            6.1 (T5) Toxic substances
  • Danger code (Kemler):     60
  • UN-Number:                1588
  • Packaging group:          III
  • Description of goods:     1588 CYANIDES, INORGANIC, SOLID, N.O.S.
                              (Sodium pentacyanonitrosylferrate (III))
  • Maritime transport IMDG:
  • IMDG Class:               6.1
  • UN Number:                1588
  • Label                     6.1
  • Packaging group:          III
  • Proper shipping name:     CYANIDES, INORGANIC, SOLID, N.O.S. (Sodium
                              pentacyanonitrosylferrate (III))
  • Air transport ICAO-TI and IATA-DGR:
  • ICAO/IATA Class:          6.1
  • UN/ID Number:             1588
  • Label                     6.1
  • Packaging group:          III
  • Proper shipping name:     CYANIDES, INORGANIC, SOLID, N.O.S.
  • Transport/Additional information: Not dangerous according to the above specifications.

·   15 Regulations

  • Product related hazard informations:
  • Hazard symbols: T Toxic
  • Risk phrases:
    20/21    Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin.
    25       Toxic if swallowed.
  • Safety phrases:
    9        Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
    28       After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of soap and water
    36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
    45       In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately.
  • National regulations All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
  • Information about limitation of use: For use only by technically qualified individuals. This product is subject to the reporting requirements of section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act of 1986 and 40CFR372.This product contains a cyanide compound and is subject to the reporting requirements of section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act of 1986 and 40CFR372.

·   16 Other information:

Employers should use this information only as a supplement to other information gathered by them, and should make independent judgement of suitability of this information to ensure proper use and protect the health and safety of employees.  This information is furnished without warranty, and any use of the product not in conformance with this Material Safety Data Sheet, or in combination with any other product or process, is the responsibility of the user.



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