NILE CHEMICALS

CADMIUM SULFATE


1. Product Identification

Synonyms: Cadmium sulfate CAS No.: 10124-36-4 (Anhydrous) 7790-84-3 (Octahydrate)
Molecular Weight: 769.54
Chemical Formula: 3CdSO4.8H2O
Product Codes: 31119


2. Composition/Information on Ingredients

  Ingredient                                CAS No         Percent        Hazardous                                  
  ---------------------------------------   ------------   ------------   ---------   
   Cadmium Sulfate                           10124-36-4       99 - 100%       Yes                                                                    

3. Hazards Identification

Inhalation: Cadmium absorption is most efficient via respiratory tract. Inhalation of dust may produce irritation, headache, metallic taste and/or cough. Severe exposures may produce shortness of breath, chest pain, and flu-like symptoms with weakness, fever, headache, chills, sweating, nausea and muscular pain. Can cause pulmonary edema, liver and kidney damage and death. Symptoms from inhalation may be delayed for as much as 24 hours.
Ingestion: Toxic. Ingested cadmium salts may cause severe and sometimes fatal poisonings. Symptoms can include severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pains, choking, dizziness, and salivation. Kidney and liver dysfunction may occur. Although as little as 10 - 20 mg of soluble cadmium salts have produced severe toxic symptoms when ingested, death probably requires several hundred mg by oral route.
Skin Contact: Causes irritation to skin. Symptoms include redness, itching, and pain.
Eye Contact: Causes irritation, redness, and pain.
Chronic Exposure: Chronic exposure to cadmium, even at relatively low concentrations, may result in kidney damage, anemia, pulmonary fibrosis, emphysema, perforation of the nasal septum, loss of smell, male reproductive effects, and an increased risk of cancer of the lung and of the prostate. Decrease in bone density, renal stones, and other evidence of disturbed calcium metabolism may be observed.
Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions: Persons with pre-existing skin disorders, eye problems, blood disorders, prostate problems, or impaired liver, kidney or respiratory function may be more susceptible to the effects of the substance.


4. First Aid Measures

Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention immediately.
Ingestion: Induce vomiting immediately as directed by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention immediately.
Skin Contact: Wipe off excess material from skin then immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention immediately. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.
Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting lower and upper eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention immediately.


5. Fire Fighting Measures

Fire: This material is a noncombustible solid, but the dust can be a moderate fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame, or when reacted with oxidizing agents, hydrogen azide, zinc, selenium, or tellurium.
Explosion: Not considered to be an explosion hazard.
Fire Extinguishing Media: Water spray, dry chemical, alcohol foam, or carbon dioxide.
Special Information: In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode. If involved in a fire, this material can emit very toxic fumes of cadmium.


6. Accidental Release Measures

Ventilate area of leak or spill. Keep unnecessary and unprotected people away from area of spill.


7. Handling and Storage

Keep in a tightly closed container, stored in a cool, dry, ventilated area. Protect against physical damage. Wear special protective equipment (Sec. 8) for maintenance break-in or where exposures may exceed established exposure levels. Wash hands, face, forearms and neck when exiting restricted areas. Shower, dispose of outer clothing, change to clean garments at the end of the day. Avoid cross-contamination of street clothes. Wash hands before eating and do not eat, drink, or smoke in workplace. Containers of this material may be hazardous when empty since they retain product residues (dust, solids); observe all warnings and precautions listed for the product.


8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Airborne Exposure Limits: -OSHA Threshold Limit Value (PEL):5 ug/m3 of Cadmium (TWA), 2.5 ug/m3 (Action Level)-ACGIH Threshold Limit Value (TLV) :0.01 mg/m3 total dust, 0.002 mg/m3 respirable fraction forcadmium and compounds, as Cd;
listed as A2, suspected human carcinogen.
Ventilation System: A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures below the Airborne Exposure Limits. Local exhaust ventilation is generally preferred because it can control the emissions of the contaminant at its source, preventing dispersion of it into the general work area. Please refer to the ACGIH document, Industrial Ventilation, A Manual of Recommended Practices, most recent edition, for details.
Other Control Measures: Eating, drinking, and smoking should not be permitted in areas where solids or liquids containing cadmium compounds are handled, processed, or stored. See OSHA substance-specific standard for more information on personal protective equipment, engineering and work practice controls, medical surveillance, record keeping, and reporting requirements. (29 CFR 1910.1027).


9. Physical and Chemical Properties

Appearance: Colorless crystals.
Odor: Odorless.
Solubility: Freely soluble.
Density: 3.08
pH: No information found.
% Volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F): 0
Boiling Point: Not applicable.
Melting Point: Loses water above 40C forming monohydrate by 80C
Vapor Density (Air=1): No information found.
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): No information found.
Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): No information found.


10. Stability and Reactivity

Stability: Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Oxides of sulfur and the contained metal.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Incompatibilities: Oxidizing agents, metals, hydrogen azide, zinc, selenium and tellurium.
Conditions to Avoid: Heat, flame, ignition sources, dusting and incompatibles.


11. Toxicological Information

Toxicological Data: Hydrate: Investigated as a tumorigen, mutagen, reproductive effector. Anhydrous: Oral rat LD50: 280 mg/kg. Investigated as a tumorigen, mutagen, reproductive effector.
Reproductive Toxicity:

In laboratory animals, this compound has caused both birth defects and damage to the reproductive system.

  --------\Cancer Lists\------------------------------------------------------
                                         ---NTP Carcinogen---
  Ingredient                             Known    Anticipated    IARC Category
  ------------------------------------   -----    -----------    -------------
  Cadmium Sulfate (10124-36-4)            Yes         No              1

12. Ecological Information

Environmental Toxicity: This material is expected to be very toxic to aquatic life.


13. Disposal Considerations

Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be managed in an appropriate and approved waste facility. Although not a listed RCRA hazardous waste, this material may exhibit one or more characteristics of a hazardous waste and require appropriate analysis to determine specific disposal requirements. Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose of container and unused contents in accordance with federal, state and local requirements.


14. Transport Information

Domestic (Land, D.O.T.)
-----------------------
Proper Shipping Name: CADMIUM COMPOUNDS
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN2570
Packing Group: III
Information reported for product/size: 500G
International (Water, I.M.O.)
-----------------------------
Proper Shipping Name: CADMIUM COMPOUNDS
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN2570
Packing Group: III
Information reported for product/size: 500G
International (Air, I.C.A.O.)
-----------------------------
Proper Shipping Name: CADMIUM COMPOUNDS
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN2570
Packing Group: III
Information reported for product/size: 500G


15. Regulatory Information

 

16. Other Information

Nile Chemicals. provides the information contained herein in good faith but makes no representation as to its comprehensiveness or accuracy. This document is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose. NILE CHEMICALS. MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION SET FORTH HEREIN OR THE PRODUCT TO WHICH THE INFORMATION REFERS. ACCORDINGLY, NILE CHEMICALS. WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM USE OF OR RELIANCE UPON THIS INFORMATION.

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