1. Product Identification

CAS No.: 14402-89-2 (Anhydrous); 13755-38-9 (Dihydrate)
Molecular Weight: 297.95
Chemical Formula: Na2Fe(CN)5NO.2H2O
Product Codes: 191166

2. Composition/Information on Ingredients

  Ingredient                                CAS No         Percent        Hazardous                                  
  ---------------------------------------   ------------   ------------   ---------   
  Sodium Nitroferricyanide                  14402-89-2       90 - 100%       Yes

3. Hazards Identification

Inhalation:May cause irritation to the respiratory tract and systemic poisoning with symptoms paralleling ingestion.
Ingestion:The toxic effects may be similar to nitrite poisoning; symptoms may include headache, flushing of the skin, vomiting, colic and diarrhea, muscular weakness, dizziness, collapse, fall in blood pressure, cyanosis, convulsions, coma, respiratory paralysis, and death due to circulatory collapse. Cyanide poisoning may cause nausea, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Larger doses may produce sudden loss of consciousness and prompt death from respiratory arrest. Smaller but still lethal doses may prolong the illness for one or more hours. Bitter almond odor may be noted on the breath or vomitus
Skin Contact:May cause irritation, redness, and pain. May be absorbed through the skin, causing systemic poisoning with symptoms paralleling ingestion.
Eye Contact:May cause irritation, redness and pain.
Chronic Exposure:Repeated, prolonged exposure through any route may cause symptoms similar to iodism or bromide intoxication: skin rashes, weakness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and confusion.
Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions:Workers using cyanides should have a preplacement and periodic medical exam. Those with history of central nervous system, thyroid, skin, heart or lung diseases may be more susceptible to the effects of this substance.

4. First Aid Measures

Inhalation:If inhaled, remove to fresh air. Administer antidote kit and oxygen per pre-planned instructions if symptoms occur. Keep patient warm and at rest. Do not give mouth to mouth resuscitation.
Ingestion:If ingested, antidote kit and oxygen should be administered per above. If the patient is conscious, immediately give the patient activated charcoal slurry. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Do not induce vomiting as it could interfere with resuscitator use.
Skin Contact:Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention immediately. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Administer antidote kit and oxygen per preplanned instructions if symptoms occur.
Eye Contact:Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting lower and upper eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention immediately.
Note to Physician:If patient does not respond to amyl nitrite, inject intravenously with 10mL of a 3% solution of sodium nitrite at a rate of not more than 2.5 to 5 mL per minute.Once nitrite administration is complete, follow directly with 50 mL of a 25% solution of sodium thiosulfate at the same rate by the same route. Give victim oxygen and keep under observation. If exposure was severe, watch victim for 24-48 hours. If signs of cyanide poisoning persist or reappear, repeat nitrite and thiosulfate injections 1 hour later in 1/2 the original doses. Cyanocabalamin (B12), 1 mg intramuscularly, may speed recovery. Moderate cyanide exposures need be treated only by supportive measures such as bed rest and oxygen.

5. Fire Fighting Measures

Fire:Not considered to be a fire hazard.
Explosion:Not considered to be an explosion hazard.
Fire Extinguishing Media:Use any means suitable for extinguishing surrounding fire.
Special Information:In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode. May emit toxic and flammable fumes of cyanide if involved in a fire.

6. Accidental Release Measures

Ventilate area of leak or spill. Keep unnecessary and unprotected people away from area of spill. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment as specified in Section 8

7. Handling and Storage

Keep in a tightly closed container, stored in a cool, dry, ventilated area. Protect against physical damage. Separate from incompatibles. Workers must carefully follow good hygienic practices, including no eating, drinking, or smoking in workplace. Proper use and maintenance of protective equipment is essential. Workers using cyanide need preplacement and annual medical exams. Special training should be given to workers using cyanide. Containers of this material may be hazardous when empty since they retain product residues (dust, solid); observe all warnings and precautions listed for the product. All persons with the potential for cyanide poisoning should be trained to provide immediate First Aid using oxygen and amyl nitrite. A cyanide anitdote kit (amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite, and sodium thiosulfate) should be readily available in cyanide workplaces. The antidotes should be checked annually to ensure they are still within their shelf-lives. Identification of community hospital resources and emergency medical squads in order to equip and train them on handling cyanide emergencies is essential.

8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Airborne Exposure Limits:-OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):5 mg/m3 (TWA) (as CN)
Ventilation System:A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures below the Airborne Exposure Limits. Local exhaust ventilation is generally preferred because it can control the emissions of the contaminant at its source, preventing dispersion of it into the general work area. Please refer to the ACGIH document, Industrial Ventilation, A Manual of Recommended Practices, most recent edition, for details.
Personal Respirators (NIOSH Approved):If the exposure limit is exceeded and engineering controls are not feasible, wear a supplied air, full-facepiece respirator, airlined hood, or full-facepiece self-contained breathing apparatus. Breathing air quality must meet the requirements of the OSHA respiratory protection standard (29CFR1910.134).
Skin Protection:Wear impervious protective clothing, including boots, gloves, lab coat, apron or coveralls, as appropriate, to prevent skin contact.
Eye Protection:Use chemical safety goggles. Maintain eye wash fountain and quick-drench facilities in work area.

9. Physical and Chemical Properties

Appearance:Red transparent crystals.
Solubility:43 g/100 cc water @ 16C (61F)
pH:No information found.
% Volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F):0
Boiling Point:Not applicable.
Melting Point:No information found.
Vapor Density (Air=1):No information found.
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg):No information found.
Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1):No information found.

10. Stability and Reactivity

Stability:Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:Thermal decomposition products may include carbon oxides, nitrogen oxides, and hydrogen cyanide. When heated to decomposition or comes in contact with acid or acid fumes it emits toxic fumes of cyanides.
Hazardous Polymerization:Will not occur.
Incompatibilities:Strong acids, strong oxidizers.
Conditions to Avoid:Heat, incompatibles.

11. Toxicological Information

Anhydrous: Oral rat LD50: 99 mg/kg. Investigated as a reproductive effector.
  --------\Cancer Lists\------------------------------------------------------
                                         ---NTP Carcinogen---
  Ingredient                             Known    Anticipated    IARC Category
  ------------------------------------   -----    -----------    -------------
  Sodium Nitroferricyanide                No          No            None

12. Ecological Information

Environmental Fate:No information found.
Environmental Toxicity:No information found.

13. Disposal Considerations

Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be handled as hazardous waste and sent to a RCRA approved waste facility. Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose of container and unused contents in accordance with federal, state and local requirements.

14. Transport Information

Domestic (Land, D.O.T.)
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN3288
Packing Group: II
Information reported for product/size: 500G

International (Water, I.M.O.)
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN3288
Packing Group: II
Information reported for product/size: 500G

International (Air, I.C.A.O.)
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN/NA: UN3288
Packing Group: II
Information reported for product/size: 500G

15. Regulatory Information

  --------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 1\---------------------------------
  Ingredient                                       TSCA  EC   Japan  Australia
  -----------------------------------------------  ----  ---  -----  ---------
  Sodium Nitroferricyanide (14402-89-2)             Yes  Yes   No       Yes                                      
  --------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 2\---------------------------------
  Ingredient                                       Korea  DSL   NDSL  Phil.
  -----------------------------------------------  -----  ---   ----  -----
  Sodium Nitroferricyanide (14402-89-2)             Yes   Yes   No     Yes                  
  --------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 1\----------------
                                             -SARA 302-    ------SARA 313------
  Ingredient                                 RQ    TPQ     List  Chemical Catg.
  -----------------------------------------  ---   -----   ----  --------------
  Sodium Nitroferricyanide (14402-89-2)      No    No      No    Cyanide comp
  --------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 2\----------------
                                                        -RCRA-    -TSCA-
  Ingredient                                 CERCLA     261.33     8(d) 
  -----------------------------------------  ------     ------    ------
  Sodium Nitroferricyanide (14402-89-2)      No         P030       No           

16. Other Information

Nile Chemicals provides the information contained herein in good faith but makes no representation as to its comprehensiveness or accuracy. This document is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose. NILE CHEMICALS MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION SET FORTH HEREIN OR THE PRODUCT TO WHICH THE INFORMATION REFERS. ACCORDINGLY, NILE CHEMICALS WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM USE OF OR RELIANCE UPON THIS INFORMATION.